KIM IL SUNG
US PREVENT A NATIONAL PARTITION AND REUNIFY THE COUNTRY
WORKING PEOPLE OF
THE WHOLE WORLD, UNITE!
KIM IL SUNG
US PREVENT A NATIONAL PARTITION AND REUNIFY THE COUNTRY
Speech at the Pyongyang Mass
Rally to Welcome the Party and Government Delegation
the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
Esteemed Comrade Gustav Husak, Esteemed Comrade Lubomir
Strougal, Esteemed guests from Czechoslovakia, Dear comrades and friends,
The people at all levels in Pyongyang City have gathered here today,
overjoyed to welcome you, goodwill envoys from the brotherly country of
In the name of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea, the
Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Korean people,
I should like first to repeat my warm welcome to the Party and Government
delegation of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic led by Comrade Gustav Husak,
general secretary of the Central Committee of the Czechoslovak Communist Party.
Allow me also to convey, through you, the Korean people’s warm greetings
of fraternal friendship to the Czechoslovak people.
We highly appreciate the visit to our country by a Party and Government
delegation of the highest level from Czechoslovakia as an expression of the
deep friendship cherished by the Czechoslovak people for our people, and as a manifestation
of firm solidarity with our struggle for socialist construction and national
Your present visit to our country marks a milestone in deepening mutual
understanding between the peoples of the two countries and raising their
relations of friendship and cooperation to a new stage.
Our meeting with you has given us a better understanding of the course of
arduous yet brilliant struggle traversed by the Czechoslovak people, their
achievements in the building of
socialism and the future of the struggle of your Party and people. As a
people living in the heart of the European Continent,
throughout history by conflicts between nations, the Czechoslovak people fought
protracted and dynamic battles against foreign invaders and for national
independence and social emancipation. In the hard days when the Hitlerite
fascists were occupying the country, the communists and patriotic people of
Czechoslovakia carried out a gallant anti-fascist fight for liberation with
arms in their hands.
Even after fascist Germany was routed and the country liberated, the
Czechoslovak people have followed the complicated
road of struggle. The Czechoslovak people, who took the road towards socialism
following the February Victory in 1948, have turned their country into a
socialist state with a developed industry in a short time by displaying
patriotic devotion and creative activity and safeguarded their gains of
revolution, shattering the repeated subversive and destructive plans of the
Under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Czechoslovak
Communist Party headed by Comrade Gustav Husak the Czechoslovak people are now
making great strides in their endeavours to achieve further progress in the
national economy, raise the people’s living standards and overfulfil the Fifth
Five-Year Plan, in accordance with the programme of the 14th Congress of the
Czechoslovak Communist Party to consolidate and develop the socialist society
Czechoslovakia is daily expanding the sphere of its activities in the
field of international relations, too.
Our people heartily rejoice over all the successes made by the brotherly
Czechoslovak people in the building of a new society and sincerely wish them
ever greater victory in their future work.
Our people also express
solidarity with the Communist Party,
Government and people of Czechoslovakia in their efforts
against the imperialists’ war policy and for peace and security in Europe.
Through their own experiences our people well know that the road to
socialism is by no means a smooth one.
After liberation our people embarked on the building of a new society
under the difficult situation in which our country was divided into two parts
because of the US imperialist occupation of south Korea. Under our Party’s
leadership, our people, frustrating the ceaseless intrigues of US imperialism
and its running dogs to provoke aggression and war, have turned their once
backward country into an advanced socialist state in a short time, by
successfully carrying out the democratic revolution and the socialist
revolution and building an independent national economy.
Upholding the grand programme mapped out by the Fifth Congress of the
Party, our people are now achieving a great revolutionary advance on all fronts
of socialist construction to fulfil ahead of schedule the Six-Year Plan and the
three major tasks of the technological revolution and to achieve the
independent, peaceful reunification of the country, while accelerating the
revolutionization and the working-classization of the whole of society by giving
priority to the ideological revolution.
Korea and Czechoslovakia embarked on the building of socialism under
different conditions after the Second World War, but the common experience
accumulated by the two countries clearly demonstrates that the only way to
bring the working people genuine freedom and independence, happiness and
prosperity is to take the road to socialism.
The Korean and Czechoslovak peoples have long maintained firm ties of
friendship and have cooperated closely for the common goal of opposition to
imperialism and for the victory of
the cause of
peace and socialism. This friendship based on the principles of
Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism displayed greater vitality
whenever the two peoples faced difficulties and trials in the way of their
The Czechoslovak people rendered great assistance, both material and
moral, to our people during the Fatherland Liberation War against the US
imperialist aggressors and during the period of postwar rehabilitation and
construction. We shall always remember this.
The Czechoslovak people are still giving active support and assistance to
our people’s struggle to build socialism and achieve the independent, peaceful
reunification of the country. Some time ago the Federal Assembly of the
Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, in its reply to the letter addressed by our
Supreme People’s Assembly to the parliaments and governments of all countries,
positively recognized our policy of peaceful reunification and gave assurances
that it would continue to render active support and assistance to our people’s
I take advantage of this opportunity today to express my profound thanks
again to Comrade Gustav Husak and the Communist Party, Government and people of
Czechoslovakia for their brotherly support and assistance to our people.
As is shown by the current visit of the Party and Government delegation
of Czechoslovakia to this country, the relationship between our two countries
keeps developing favourably and their internationalist solidarity is growing in
The strengthening of unity amongst socialist countries contributes to
increasing the might of socialism as a whole and shows that the position of
world socialism is sound.
Our people will, in the future, too, carry out the revolution and
construction in our country well and thereby faithfully discharge their
national and international duties.
Comrades and friends,
Today the international situation is developing in favour of socialism
and the revolutionary forces and to the disadvantage of imperialism and the
In the face of the growing forces of socialism and the
national-liberation, working-class and democratic movements, imperialism is on
the decline and is finding itself in a more difficult situation with every
passing day. To find a way out, the imperialists are resorting to more cunning
The United States is carrying on aggressive and interventionist
activities in many parts of the world under the pretence of “peace” and is
trying to maintain its colonial domination by suppressing small nations by
force while improving its relations with big
This is fully proved by its aggressive actions and intervention against
Korea, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, a number of Arab countries, Cuba and many other
nations of the world.
The United States wants to hold on to south Korea for ever as a major
stronghold to save its colonial ruling system which is falling into total
disarray in Asia.
Adopting two-faced tactics under the “Nixon doctrine,” the United States
is not willing to desist from its plans to instigate south Korea’s bellicose
elements to make Koreans fight Koreans, perpetuate the division of Korea and
create two Koreas, even after the North-South Joint Statement was published and
dialogue started between the two parts of Korea.
In step with these US machinations, the south Korean authorities are also
employing double-dealing tactics. They are scheming to perpetuate the division
of the nation and are exerting every effort to reinforce their military
strength, claiming to practice “peaceful reunification” on the one hand and, on
the other, openly clamouring for “confrontation with dialogue,”
“competition with dialogue” and
“coexistence with dialogue.”
Because of all this the dialogue between the north and south of Korea is
not progressing as it should and a big obstacle still lies in the way to
reunification, despite the consistent, sincere efforts of our Party and the
Government of our Republic for the country’s independent, peaceful
reunification. Consequently the bright prospect for national reunification
which was opened before our nation when the historic North-South Joint
Statement was published a year ago is being damaged.
Because of our earnest desire to get over the difficult situation created
today and bring about the people’s long-cherished aspiration for peaceful
national reunification as soon as possible, we hereby reaffirm before the world
the policy of our Party and the Government of our Republic for independent,
1. To improve
the present relations between the north and south of Korea and accelerate the
peaceful reunification of the country, it is necessary, first of all, to
eliminate military confrontation and ease tension between the north and south.
To remove military confrontation and alleviate tension between the north
and south is a matter of pressing urgency and vital importance at present in
dispelling the misunderstanding and
mistrust and deepening mutual understanding and trust, creating an atmosphere
of great national unity, ameliorating the relations between the north and south
and bringing about the peaceful reunification of the country.
The military confrontation between the north and south with huge armed forces
in itself constitutes not only a major factor which threatens peace in our
country but also a source of misunderstanding and mistrust.
Only when this fundamental question is solved can tension and mistrust
between the north and south be removed, a climate
of trust be
created and all problems be settled successfully on the basis of mutual trust.
It is unnatural to advocate peaceful reunification and hold a dialogue, with a
dagger in one’s pocket. Unless the dagger is taken out and laid down, it is
impossible to create an atmosphere of mutual trust or find satisfactory
solutions to any problems, large or small, related to the country’s
reunification, including that of achieving collaboration and interchange
between the north and south.
Therefore, as the first step for the peaceful reunification of the
country, we have more than once advanced to the south Korean authorities the
five-point proposal: to cease the reinforcement of armies and the arms race,
make all foreign troops withdraw, reduce armed forces and armaments, stop the
introduction of weapons from abroad and to conclude a peace agreement.
However, the south Korean authorities are determined to postpone the
solution of this urgent problem and gradually solve matters of secondary
importance through different stages. Actually this is intended not to increase
mutual trust and promote great national unity, but to maintain and freeze the
territorial division, keeping the painful wound of national partition unhealed.
If they truly desire peaceful reunification and seek the practical
solution of the reunification question, the south Korean authorities must
renounce this position and take the course of removing military confrontation.
2. To improve
north-south relations and expedite the country’s reunification, it is necessary
to bring about multilateral collaboration and interchange between the north and
south in the political, military, diplomatic, economic and cultural fields.
Multilateral collaboration and interchange between the north and south
are of tremendous importance in reuniting the severed ties of the nation and
providing preconditions for reunification.
Only when such
collaboration and interchange are brought about, will it be possible to
consolidate the peace agreement to be concluded between the north and south.
The south Korean authorities propose in words that both sides “completely
open” their societies to each other, but in actual fact they are afraid of
tearing down any of the barriers between the north and south and are dead set
against interchange and collaboration between the two parts of the country.
The south Korean authorities are not collaborating with their fellow
countrymen now; in collusion with outside forces, they are bringing in foreign
monopoly capital without limit to reduce the south Korean economy completely to
a dependent economy. They are even spoiling our beautiful land by introducing
polluting industries which are rejected as "rubbish" in foreign
We again emphasize that if the south Korean authorities have a spark of
national conscience, they should obviously strive to develop the economy in the
interests of our nation through the joint exploitation of our country’s natural
resources and bring about national collaboration in all spheres.
3. In order to
settle the question of the country’s reunification in conformity with the will
and demand of our people, it is necessary to enable the masses of people of all
levels in the north and south to participate in the nationwide patriotic work
for national reunification.
We consider that the dialogue between the north and south for national
reunification should not be confined to the authorities of the north and south
but should be held on a nationwide scale.
To this end, we propose convening a Great National Congress composed of
representatives of people of all walks of life–the workers, working peasants,
working intellectuals, students and soldiers in the north, and the workers,
military personnel, national capitalists and petty bourgeoisie in south
Korea–and the representatives of political parties and social organizations in
the north and south, and comprehensively discuss and solve the question of the
country’s reunification at this congress.
4. In speeding
up the country’s reunification it is very important, today, to institute a
north-south federation under the name of a single country.
It goes without saying that there may be various ways to achieve the
complete reunification of the country.
Under the prevailing conditions we think that the most reasonable way for
reunification is to convene the Great National Congress and achieve national
unity, and on this basis, institute the north-south federation, leaving the two
existing social systems in the north and south as they are for the time being.
If the north-south federation is instituted, it will be good to call this
federal state the Federal Republic of Koryo after Koryo, a united state which
once existed on our territory and was widely known to the world. This will be a
good name for the state, and acceptable to both the north and south.
The founding of the Federal Republic of Koryo will open up a decisive
phase in preventing national partition, bringing about all-round contact and
collaboration between the north and south and in hastening complete
5. We consider
that our country should be prevented from being partitioned into “two Koreas”
permanently as a result of the freezing
of national division and that the north and south should also work together in
the field of external affairs.
Of course we are developing state relations with all countries friendly
to our Republic on the principle of equality and mutual benefit; but we
resolutely oppose all intrigues designed to make use of this to create “two
We maintain that the north and south should not enter the UN separately,
and consider that if they want to enter the UN before the reunification of the
country, they should enter it as a single state under the name of the Federal
Republic of Koryo, at least after the federation is set up.
But apart from the question of admission to the UN, if the Korean
question is placed on its agenda for discussion, the representative of our
Republic should be entitled to take part in it and speak as the party
Our people are a single people who have lived with the same culture and
the same language through many centuries, and they cannot live separated into
Our proposal is to remove military confrontation and ease tension between
the north and south, bring about multilateral collaboration and interchange
between the two parts, convene the Great National Congress composed of
representatives of people of all levels and political parties and social
organizations in the north and south, institute the north-south federation
under the single name of the Federal Republic of Koryo and enter the UN under
that name. When this proposal for the country’s reunification is put into
effect, there will be a great improvement in accomplishing the historic cause
of peaceful national reunification on the principle of the North-South Joint
Statement, as commonly desired by our people and the world’s people.
We expect the south Korean authorities to approach this new fair proposal
of ours for reunification sincerely.
At the same time we strongly demand that the United States face up to the
rapidly changing situation of today, withdraw its troops from south Korea as
soon as practicable and discontinue its aggression and intervention against our country.
If the United States thinks that it can swallow small nations one by one,
while improving its relations with big powers only,
or maintain its
colonial domination by propping up its minions, already forsaken by the people,
under the slogan of “anti-communism,” it is seriously mistaken. This policy of
the United States is more likely to arouse the resistance and hatred of the
majority of the world’s people and hasten its ruin.
We think that the UN should now strike at the United States’ scheme to
justify the occupation of south Korea by its troops under the pretext of the UN
The UN must take the “UN forces” helmets off the US troops in south
Korea, make them withdraw and dissolve the United Nations Commission for the
Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea and thus remove all the obstacles it
has raised to hamper the independent, peaceful reunification of Korea, in
keeping with the trend of the present times towards independence and peace.
This is demanded by the general world situation.
It is the Japanese militarists who are still working desperately in the
international arena as the most active followers of the US imperialists in
their ill-fated plots to meddle in our internal affairs. We again warn the
Japanese militarists that they must also face facts squarely, give up their
hostile policy against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and desist
from their cunning attempts to seize an opportunity to give effect to their
wild desire to invade south Korea again.
Comrades and friends,
The Korean people’s righteous struggle to reject foreign interference and
achieve the country’s independent, peaceful reunification enjoys the support
and encouragement of the peoples of socialist countries, the peoples of Asia,
Africa and Latin America and all the peace-loving people of the world.
Our Party and people always regard it as an important factor for the
victory of our revolution to cement their solidarity with the international revolutionary forces, while firmly building
their own revolutionary forces.
In the future, too, we shall fight staunchly for the triumph of the cause
of peace and democracy, national independence and socialism, in unity with the
peoples of socialist countries, in unity with the international working class,
in unity with the fighting Asian, African and Latin-American peoples and in
unity with all the peace-loving people of the world, upholding the banner of
Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism, the revolutionary banner of
The Korean people strongly support the Vietnamese people in the new phase
of their struggle to ensure the strict observance of the Paris Agreement on
Vietnam, build socialism in the north, defend peace, independence and
sovereignty in the south and reunify their country peacefully.
We also express firm solidarity with the Laotian people in their struggle
to preserve peace in Laos and achieve national harmony and the reunification of
Today the United States is expanding its war of aggression in Cambodia,
raining down large quantities of bombs every hour of every day, but it is only
destroying its prestige and dignity with its own bombs and revealing its
savagery more clearly. We sternly condemn the United States for its war of
aggression against Cambodia and express full support to the patriotic Cambodian
people’s just fight for the complete liberation of their country.
The Korean people actively support the struggle of all Asian peoples
against the aggression of US imperialism and the revival of Japanese militarism
and resolutely support the struggle of the Palestinian people and other Arab
peoples against the US-backed aggressors of Israel.
Our people actively support the struggle of the African peoples against
imperialism, colonialism and racism and for
liberation and consolidated national independence and express firm solidarity
with the struggle of the Latin-American peoples against the aggression and
intervention of US imperialism and for defending the sovereignty, territorial
waters and natural resources of their countries.
The Korean people express firm solidarity with the struggle of the working class and working people of
the capitalist countries against exploitation and oppression by capital and for
democratic rights and socialism.
The people in Europe have waged a protracted struggle to remove the root
cause of war and guarantee durable peace and security in this continent which
was the breeding ground of the two world wars.
We express full support to the endeavours of the European socialist
countries and the peoples of other countries in Europe for peace and security
in this part of the world.
We shall, in the future, too, continue to do all we can to promote
fraternal friendship and solidarity between the Korean and Czechoslovak peoples
in the struggle to attain our common goals and ideals.
Long live the indestructible fraternal friendship and solidarity between
the Korean people and the Czechoslovak people!
Long live the Czechoslovak Communist Party and the Czechoslovak Socialist
Long live the banner of